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Ramie, the Pioneer Plant for Relieving Food Competition between People and Livestock

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2023.08.03
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The Pioneer Plant for Relieving Food Competition between People and Livestock - Ramie

theme

It, along with the application of Bamao, forms a pioneer plant for relieving the competition between humans and livestock for food

It and the development of Bamao constitute effective measures for rural economic revitalization

Its development combination with Bamao will fully utilize the barren land

Its development combination with Bamao will expand the application area of arable land

International Green Global Research and Development Organization

Expert Group

June 12, 2023


The Pioneer Plant for Relieving Food Competition between People and Livestock - Ramie

1、 Ramie, a Chinese hemp spinning plant

Boehmeria nivea (L.) Gaudich, Urticaceae Boehmeria perennial herb, all densely covered with villus, leaves alternate; Stipules conical, early setting: petioles long and hairy: leaves are heart-shaped, with rough upper surface and scattered coarse hairs, while the lower surface is densely intertwined with white woolly hairs. Flowers unisexual, monoecious. Fruit nearly spherical, flowering from August to October.

Ramie is mainly distributed in tropical or subtropical and temperate regions. In China, it is mainly distributed in provinces and regions to the south of Qinling Mountains. It often grows on the forest edge or grass slope of valleys with an altitude of 200-1700 meters. It is better to grow on sandy or clay soil. It is better to grow on sandy or clay soil with deep soil layer, loose and fertile soil, rich in Humus, and good drainage. The methods of reproduction include seed propagation, rooting propagation, cutting propagation, etc.

Ramie is an excellent textile fiber in plants. The pure hemp yarn spun from ramie fiber and the yarn mixed with wool, silk, cotton, chemical fibers, etc. can be made into various high-end clothing fabrics.

According to existing historical materials, the cultivation history of ramie in China is at least three thousand years old. Ramie was imported to Europe and North America in the early 18th century. Ramie is widely cultivated in various provinces and regions south of the Qinling Mountains in China, accounting for 75-80% of the world's total ramie production. The main production areas are in northern Jiangxi, northern Hunan, and central Sichuan

Ramie is a perennial root crop that can be harvested for many years by planting it once. Some Ma districts have Ma gardens that have been abundant for one to two hundred years without decline. According to the performance of productivity and other aspects, the entire life cycle of ramie can be divided into young age, strong age, and old age. The young age is generally only 1-2 years, the strong age is 3-30 years, and the elderly age is over 30 years

If the traditional method of plant propagation is used, in the second year of planting hemp, the weight of the hemp plant increases by 6 times, while using the cut bud propagation method successfully studied by Hunan Agricultural University, the weight of the hemp plant increases by over 800 times in the second year of planting hemp. This is because Ma Dou has the characteristic of "cutting smaller, growing faster". Ramie of strong age has plump stumps, well-developed Underground stem and roots, many effective plants, tall and sturdy plants, neat growth and high yield. The length of the strong age period is greatly influenced by the ecological environment and cultivation technology level. Generally speaking, in mountainous areas, it takes three to forty years, while in lake areas, it takes one to twenty years. But in hemp orchards with suitable ecological conditions and reasonable cultivation, the strong age period will be much longer. For example, Yongshun County and Jiahe County have more than 230 and 150 years of Zhuang age hemp respectively, and the hilly area of Yuanjiang County in the lake area also has 80 years of Zhuang age hemp. But there are also hemp gardens that decay after three to five years of planting. In the aging period, the roots and Underground stem of ramie are crowded, and there are many weak and vacant stumps. The ramie plant is thin and weak, and the yield is low. Depending on the degree of aging and the reasons for aging, different measures such as updating or uprooting should be taken.

The number of harvests of ramie within a year is mainly determined by the climatic conditions in different regions, and is also related to cultivation measures. As in the Philippines, it is generally collected five times a year. After improving fertilizer and water management, it can be collected thirteen times a year. South China generally harvests three to four times a year, and blooms later. The seeds mature in early December. When the local upper part of hemp grows each season, the underground part also grows accordingly. However, when the local upper part grows vigorously, the growth of the underground part is inhibited and the growth rate slows down. Conversely, when the growth in the upper part of the area is slow, the growth in the underground part accelerates, and the relative growth rate reaches its peak. The relative growth curves of the three season hemp showed three peaks around late May, late July, and early October, respectively. This is a period of accelerated growth and more fiber accumulation in the understory of ramie.


2、 Ramie mahjong is a pioneer plant in relieving food competition between humans and livestock

(1) Ramie is an ideal plant for solving the problem of food competition between humans and livestock.

For many years, the organization, led by Mr. Yan Guangcai, has been a group of experts who are specialized in researching the nutrient utilization of Viridiplantae 'stems and leaves. Firstly, a systematic study was conducted on various plants within China, and after years of struggle, gratifying results were finally achieved. These usable plants can be used as feed for various animals, as advanced nutrients for human use, and as medicinal herbs. In this way, not only can a large amount of grain be saved for the country, but also a new smooth path is opened for rural farmers to become rich.

Ramie is the reason for lifting the competition between humans and livestock for food as a plant

(1) It is the most widely distributed plant

Ramie is distributed in the area south of the 33 degree north latitude line in China. This plant is found everywhere on the roadside, wasteland, farmland, and mountain slopes in areas where it is suitable for growth. It is a widely adaptable plant.

(2) It is a plant with high initial protein content and good animal adaptability.

This plant has a high initial egg content and is suitable for animal use. It is also a good plant for processing leaf protein.

(3) It is a perennial and highly productive plant.

This type of grass is a perennial herb with well-developed rhizomes, 1-1.5 meters high, and strong tillering ability. It grows one branch in spring and can tiller many branches in autumn. Over time, tillering continues year after year.

(2) Processing and utilization of hemp

1. The excellent resources it can utilize

Ramie is distributed in a vast area south of the 33 degree north latitude line in China. The tender stems and leaves of ramie can be harvested repeatedly like leeks, and fresh plants can be harvested 4-6 times a year. The total national production is about 150 million tons.

We have conducted repeated experiments and practical applications on the tender stems and leaves of some hemp. This plant animal has good palatability and nutrition, and is not only an excellent feed for herbivorous animals, but also has good effects in raising silkworms.

2. It will be an excellent feed for various animals and a health product for humans.

Based on our multiple experiments and studies, it has been determined that the fresh stems and leaves of this plant can be used for fresh use. After our research and development of mechanical processing, it can be used as excellent feed for various herbivorous animals. After the application of herbivorous animals, it can produce excellent meat quality. At the same time, this plant can also be further processed to produce leaf protein. The grass residue generated during the processing of leaf protein is also the basic feed for herbivorous animals; The processed leaf protein is a feed additive for omnivores and carnivores; Leaf protein is also an advanced health product for human use.

Taking the tender stems and leaves of ramie as an example for processing leaf protein, a large-scale automated leaf protein processing equipment imported from abroad is used. This equipment can process 500 tons of fresh grass per day, producing 25 tons of leaf protein and 100 tons of ramie hay residue. These 100 tons of grass residue are excellent feed for herbivorous animals, accounting for 75% to 80% of the feed formula. The processed leaf protein of Barmouth is harvested 4-5 times a year. The first processed leaf protein is a high-level nutrient used by humans, and the subsequent processed leaf protein is a high-level additive used in animal feed.

(3) The series of effects generated by the development and application of Ma and Ba Mao

1. They are pioneer plants in relieving the competition between humans and animals for food.

Firstly, the emergence of competition between humans and livestock for food.

The total annual grain production in China is 600 million tons, of which 100 million tons are used for other purposes (such as wine, vinegar, soy sauce, etc.), with over 500 million tons remaining. The middle 250 million tons are used for feed, and the remaining 250 million tons are used for human consumption. However, human consumption is far from enough. Therefore, the country needs to import about 130 million tons of grain from abroad every year at all costs to feed 1.4 billion Chinese people. If we want to completely solve the problem of food shortage in China, the only way is to eliminate the use of feed and compete for this portion of food for human consumption, which is the issue of human and animal competition for food.

Secondly, lifting the competition between humans and livestock for food is a major concern for people's livelihoods and national security.

China is the world's most populous country, and it is obviously unrealistic to feed the Chinese people with imported food. This is also a matter of great concern for Chinese leader Xi Jinping. He said, "If someone else takes their job and eats according to their looks, what else can we talk about modernization?" It can be seen that lifting the country's food problem is a top priority. President Xi attaches great importance to the issue of food security in China. He said, "Only when agriculture is strong and food security is fully guaranteed can we have sufficient confidence and strategic initiative." He also said, "To solve the food problem, we cannot just focus on limited arable land

Now, the world's food supply is tightening. According to the statistics in 2022, there are about 190 million people on the hunger line in the world. In addition to the increase of global natural disasters, food production is forced to decline, resulting in increased difficulties in food import. Secondly, the world's major food producers, Canada, Australia, Ukraine, and the United States themselves, all of which are in the hands of the United States. This is the biggest hidden danger for China. Only Russia can export food, But Russia's annual grain exports are only 60 million tons, and even exporting these grains to China is not enough.

Based on the above, it can be said that lifting the issue of food competition between humans and livestock is not only a matter of livelihood, but also a matter of national security.

Thirdly, the application of plant stem and leaf nutrition concept technology can save 80% of the country's surplus feed grain, saving 200 million tons of feed grain, and can solve the problem of food competition between humans and livestock in China at once.

(1) The stem and leaf nutrition of Viridiplantae is the foundation to eliminate the competition between human beings and livestock for food.

The most effective way to solve the problem of people and animals competing for food is to make full use of the nutrients in the stems and leaves of Viridiplantae to replace food for feed.

The stems and leaves of Viridiplantae come from three plant series: ① stems and leaves of various grass plants; ② The tender leaves of various forest trees; ③ The stems and leaves of various crops and the waste leaves of crop straw.

In order to find a solution to the food crisis that has occurred in humans from a conceptual perspective, for many years, we have attempted to study how to process these green resources in nature into nutrients that are available to humans. This is the emergence of the theoretical system for plant stem and leaf nutrition utilization. Specifically, it is to process these three green resources in nature into leaf proteins for human and animal applications, and into green feed for animal applications. This is the most effective way to solve the problem of food competition between humans and livestock

(2) The theoretical system for lifting the competition between humans and livestock for food

A. Chlorophyll in the stems and leaves of Viridiplantae is a magic weapon to eliminate the competition between human beings and livestock for food

The stems and leaves of various Viridiplantae contain an ingredient called chlorophyll. Chlorophyll is the main component in plant stems and leaves. It is known that its main function is for photosynthesis and the production of nutrients. However, chlorophyll plays an extremely important role in the growth process of humans and animals. The constituent elements of chlorophyll are hydrogen, carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, and magnesium; The constituent elements of heme are hydrogen, carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, and iron. It can be seen that there is only one element difference between chlorophyll and heme in the elemental composition. As long as the magnesium in chlorophyll is replaced with iron, chlorophyll can become heme. According to the results of many experiments carried out in humans and animals, Red blood cell in the blood of humans and animals increased significantly after the application of foods rich in chlorophyll. The role of Red blood cell in the blood is to deliver oxygen and nutrients to animals in each cell. Red blood cell increase, and the function of delivering oxygen and oxygen materials is strengthened. That will stimulate the metabolism of humans and animals, accelerate growth, and increase their ability to eliminate toxic substances. In addition, super chlorophyll has special effects. For example, the chlorophyll extracted from wheat seedlings (wheat green) can promote the regeneration of human cells, balance endocrine, recuperate malignant physique, and resist aging. For animals, the use of chlorophyll containing feed is not only a matter of healthy growth, but also its meat is rich in nutrients, high in freshness and tenderness, and has a good taste.

B. The leaf protein in the stems and leaves of Viridiplantae is a powerful tool to eliminate the competition between human beings and livestock for food

① Research triggered by the 20th century food crisis

Mr. Brown, an American agricultural expert and director of the World Empirical research Institute, announced his research results to the world in 1995 after years of research and investigation. He believes that "in the 21st century, the world will enter a century of hunger..." A stone has stirred up a thousand waves, and people are joyfully entering the 21st century, just as people are beautifying the blueprint of the 21st century. Mr. Brown's alarm immediately disrupted people's beautiful plans for the 21st century. People woke up in a daze and realized that there was still hunger in humanity. And the issue of hunger, like earthquakes and floods, is so ruthless and irresistible that it has quietly come to people's side. It will become the biggest disaster for humanity in the 21st century and the decisive factor affecting its development. Only by solving the problem of food can humans say anything else. So in the dawn of the new century, the issue of hunger has increasingly become a heavy topic of global concern.

What do people in the 21st century eat? Becoming the focus of global attention. Mr. Yan Guangcai and his assistants, after more than 30 years of struggle, have made breakthrough progress in researching plant nutrition and the application of leaf proteins. Leaf protein is the nutrient in plant leaves and stems, which is the precursor of animal protein and plant seed protein. It is a native protein, the first protein; Seed protein is the second protein: animal protein is the third protein. Leaf protein is a cholesterol free protein with strong activity, so it has a wide range of effects on the growth and development of humans and animals

② Plant leaf protein nutrition will become the main goal pursued by humans in the 21st century

The food crisis in the 21st century is irreversible. Leaf protein is a protein found in plant leaves and stems. The resources of plant leaves and stems are very vast, including forests, grasslands, and agriculture. It is 8-10 times the nutritional source of seeds and widely exists in nature. The resources are very rich and are a treasure trove of human nutrition.

Human research on leaf proteins has a history of over seventy years. It originated in England. At the end of World War II, in order to prevent hunger, the British began to study leaf protein, which has not been widely used. There are two main reasons: firstly, the contradiction between population size and food shortage is not so serious, which cannot attract people's attention. Secondly, the application of leaf protein by the British is localized and has not developed into a systematic application. After more than 30 years of exploration, our application of leaf protein is comprehensive and systematic, not only in animal feed, but also in food and medicine consumed by humans. It is crucial for human health.

We use leaf protein differently from foreigners, who produce very few varieties of leaf protein and can only be used in feed. They believe that tobacco leaves are rich in protein, so there are many foreign production factories, and the main raw material for processing leaf protein is tobacco leaves. However, this leaf protein has a peculiar odor and can only be used as feed, which is costly and difficult to apply in practice. We apply leaf protein not only according to Nutritional science, but also according to the theory of the five elements of traditional Chinese medicine, so that all kinds of green resources can be fully utilized to produce a variety of leaf proteins. These leaf proteins can be applied in the feed of calves, lambs, pigs, chickens, and fish, as well as in human food. They can also cooperate with each other and are widely used in medical treatment.

The development of leaf protein has expanded the application range of various Viridiplantae, and will be widely used in the feed of various animals, which can only be used in the feed of herbivores.

Fourthly, ramie and pomegranate are the most excellent plants among various plants, and they are also pioneers in relieving the competition between humans and livestock for food.

There are three reasons why ramie and pomegranate are the best plants: firstly, they have good nutrition and high yield; Secondly, among various feeding plants, its effect is also very good. Thirdly, they are a plant that grows tenaciously and has good adaptability, which many plants cannot compare with. Fourthly, whether they are fresh processed products or deeply processed into various products such as leaf green powder, chlorophyll, leaf protein, and leaf protein residue, they have good quality, good nutrition, and a wide range of applications

Their development and application will draw people's attention to the nutrition of Viridiplantae stems and leaves. Therefore, it is a pioneer plant to solve the problem of people and animals competing for food.

2. The development and application of Lu Ma and Ba Mao are the golden keys to opening the door to wealth for villagers and the magic weapon for rural revitalization.

(1) The development and application of Ma and Bamao have made them a treasure of wealth for villagers

They have strong adaptability to various growth environments, are tenacious in growth, have extensive management, and are perennial plants. Villagers can harvest them not only in their own farmland, but also in many places in the wild; And the yield is very high, with 4-6 harvests per year, and the yield per mu can reach over 20 tons. At the lowest price of 200 yuan per ton, the income per mu of Bamao can be 4000 yuan, which is incomparable to other grain crops; In order to increase their production. We have developed a set of field management methods for the cultivation of ramie. After each harvest, when new buds grow, we spray them with a drone once. The bio type foliar fertilizer we study can achieve high yield in Balmao; In order to enable farmers without labor at home to harvest ramie and pomegranate normally, we are also managing a company that is professionally equipped with harvesting machinery and personnel, specifically for laborless farmers, to fully utilize these two plants.

(2) The development and application of Ma and Ba Mao will be a new path for rural revitalization.

The deep processing of ramie and pomegranate will be accompanied by a series of enterprises: leaf green powder production plants, chlorophyll production plants, and leaf protein production plants; The breeding system includes: cow raising workshop, sheep raising workshop, pig raising workshop, chicken raising workshop, and feed factory; Human leaf protein foods and medical systems for ramie and pomegranate. Numerous enterprises entering rural areas not only promote the economic development of rural areas, but also promote employment channels for rural villagers. This is where ramie and pomegranate become beautiful homes.

(3) The development and application of Ma and Ba Mao are a unique strategy for utilizing barren land.

The arable land in China's mountainous areas is very large, accounting for 45% of China's arable land area; Due to the wave of migrant workers throughout China, young people in mountainous areas have gone out to work, resulting in a large area of barren farmland in mountainous areas; These young people used to work in mountainous areas and produce some food applications every year. Now, a large number of them have flooded into cities and become food consumers, which has actually increased the shortage of food supply.

Ramie and balsam are both perennial plants, with extensive management and easy cultivation. As long as they are cut and planted on these already barren farmland, they can be effectively harvested and achieve high benefits. So the development and application of ramie and pomegranate will be a magic trick for these barren land uses

(4) The development and application of asparagus and pomegranate is a new way to expand land use area.

They are a tenacious plant that grows in mountainous areas, on barren slopes, and along various roads; The development of ramie and pomegranate has made these areas the focus of farmers' attention, the effect point of farmers' attention, and naturally become the development and attention areas for farmers; This is to turn those useless places into fields for cultivating ramie and balsam; This is where there are ramie and pomegranate, and the land there has become agricultural land. Let the idle barren hills and slopes really become an oasis, forming a Clear waters and green mountains.

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